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The primary dentition has different functions and a different structure compared to the permanent dentition.
Structure and role of deciduous teeth: deciduous teeth, also called milk teeth or baby teeth, can be divided into incisors, canines and molars. Each type of tooth has a specific function in grinding food and speaking.
The role of deciduous teeth in speech and chewing: deciduous teeth enable children to chew food and are essential for clear pronunciation and correct speech patterns.
Significance for the development of the permanent dentition: deciduous teeth serve as placeholders for the permanent teeth. They keep the space free until the permanent teeth come in and thus significantly influence the alignment of the future dentition.
A child has a total of 20 so-called baby teeth, including incisors, canines and molars. Adults, however, have a total of 32 permanent teeth. So-called molars and wisdom teeth only develop in the permanent dentition and grow later on.
Baby teeth normally come in between the ages of 6 months and 3 years. So your child should have all 20 primary teeth by the age of 3.
Milk teeth are crucial for children's oral health. They prevent malpositions and ensure that the permanent teeth are correctly aligned. The 3 most important purposes of intact and healthy milk teeth are:
Deciduous teeth are placeholders for the permanent teeth. If they are missing or extracted prematurely, this can lead to misaligned teeth later in life.
Whether you are a teenager or an adult, bestsmile Aligners are a simple and orthodontically proven method for teeth straightening. bestsmile Teens Aligner from age 11 – braces for children and teenagers.
Cavities in a deciduous tooth can spread to the permanent teeth that have not yet come in. Fillings in baby teeth are therefore also particularly important for the health of permanent teeth. There are a number of preventive measures to avoid tooth decay in baby teeth.
Malocclusions in the primary dentition can be the cause of speech disorders both as a child and later as an adult. Early treatment of primary teeth can therefore have a positive effect on speech development.
This transition is a natural process in which the baby teeth fall out and are replaced by permanent teeth.
During this transition, certain issues may arise, with the most prevalent ones being delays or irregular tooth loss.
It is important to schedule regular check-ups also during this transition, so that potential challenges can be recognised and resolved at an early stage. A smooth transition to permanent teeth is important for the correct alignment of the permanent teeth and long-term oral health as an adult.
All teeth in the primary dentition are replaced by those of the permanent dentition. During this transition, the lower incisors usually fall out first, followed by the upper incisors, canines and finally the molars.
Baby teeth usually fall out between the ages of 6 and 13.
Occasionally, children may have broken baby teeth, which can have various different causes:
In such cases, dental treatment is often needed to fix broken or chipped baby teeth and make sure nothing gets transferred to the permanent teeth. Furthermore, this also supports a healthy development of the permanent teeth. The treatment method depends on the patient's dental situation. For minor damages fillings are enough, but for more extensive damage crowns are also an option.
Chalky teeth is a developmental disorder of the deciduous teeth that affects around 15% of all children. It causes the teeth to become brittle and sensitive. The severity of chalky teeth is divided into different levels.
The exact causes of chalky teeth are not yet fully understood, but genetic factors and environmental influences may play a role. Possible reasons may be:
The treatment of chalky teeth may involve specialised dental care and, in some cases, specific dental treatments. Regular check-ups are important in order to recognise and treat chalky teeth at an early stage.
At bestsmile, teenagers as young as 11 can undergo treatment with Teens Aligner. During your 3D scan appointment, a specialised orthodontist will give you personal advice.