Veneers and dental crowns are both ceramic shells that repair and beautify teeth. But what's the difference between them? When should you opt for one over the other? We describe the differences between veneers and crowns below.
Reading time: 7min
Topic: Crowns, products and offers
A dental crown, often known simply as a crown, is a type of dental restoration. Dental fillings alone are often not sufficient to repair a natural tooth that has been damaged, for instance by an accident or tooth decay. In these cases, a crown is placed on top of the damaged teeth or tooth like a cap. Since ceramic shells can be used in a variety of ways, sometimes it's possible to use veneers instead of crowns.
For crowns, the missing or damaged part of the tooth is artificially reproduced and then placed on top of the remaining natural tooth. This restores the original form of the tooth and reproduces the aesthetics and functionality of the bite. To be a candidate for dental crowns, you need to have healthy gums and stable roots.
Correcting teeth with dental crowns is a very common treatment at the dentist's office. The most common reasons for getting a crown for one's teeth are:
There are different types of dental crowns. They differ in the following ways:
Dentists distinguish between the following types of crowns:
These types of crowns have slight differences and are used for different types of dental correction.
|Full cast crown||Veneered crown||All resin crown||All ceramic crown|
Precious metal alloys (e.g., gold) or alloys without precious metal (e.g., chrome)
Metal frame covered with tooth-coloured ceramic or resin
Ceramic or zirconium
Back teeth, areas that aren't visible
Versatile, most commonly used tooth crown
More of a longer-term temporary solution than a true tooth replacement
The different materials offer different advantages and disadvantages:
Crowns can be manufactured from different materials. Depending on the situation, some materials are more suitable than others. If you need to replace your front teeth, it is recommended to choose a material with good colour properties. However, more robust material is recommended for the molars, as they require more stability.*
Dental crowns can vary depending on the size and how much restoration they need to achieve. A full crown covers the entire tooth: it is placed on the stump of the tooth like a cap. In contrast, a partial crown only covers part of the natural tooth.
Veneers also only cover one part of the tooth – the visible part – and may wrap slightly around the edges depending on the patient's situation. Here the difference between a partial crown and a veneer is how much needs to be removed from the natural tooth. Usually slightly more tooth enamel needs to be removed for a partial crown as compared to a veneer.
Crowns are attached differently depending on the material, the area of the mouth and the patient's dental situation
Veneered crowns and metal crowns are usually cemented or glued in place. In the process, the crown is screwed onto the implant or placed onto a pin or a stump and fixed in place with medical cement or glue.
For severely damaged teeth, cementing or glueing a crown often doesn't work. The crown only holds when a pin is implanted into the stump of the tooth. The pin provides an anchor for holding the crown in place.
In addition to crowns, aesthetic dental procedures are now making increasing use of veneers. Dentists decide whether crowns or veneers are more appropriate based on the patient's case, the condition of their natural teeth and where the damage is located (front or back teeth).
Veneers and crowns are different in several respects and offer different pros and cons.
The main difference between crowns and veneers has to do with how much enamel is removed and where they are applied.
Removal of tooth enamel: For veneers, usually only a minimal amount of enamel is removed. For crowns, the amount of enamel removed is typically much more due to the thickness of the crown walls.
Area of application: Veneers cannot be used if teeth are heavily damaged or have experienced too much decay.
Completely restores, preserves and protects the teeth or tooth
Beautifies the teeth
Functional or aesthetic reconstruction of a tooth, for instance in the case of tooth decay
Primarily an aesthetic treatment for front teeth, for instance in the case of tooth gaps
10 years up to a lifetime. Depends on the material
Around 20 years or longer. Depends on care/maintenance and nutrition.
Usually 2 appointments:
Usually 3 appointments:
From CHF 1,000 to CHF 2,000 or more, depending on the material
From CHF 1,000 per piece
small aesthetic corrections of the front teeth
**At bestsmile we exclusively use high-quality ceramics to produce our veneers and crowns.
Over the course of a veneer treatment, new crowns can be produced and applied to ensure that the patient ends up with a beautiful smile. Veneers cannot be directly applied to dental crowns, however. Both treatments require a natural, firmly rooted tooth. At bestsmile we exclusively use high-quality ceramics to produce our veneers and crowns.
The expected lifetime of a tooth crown depends heavily on the material used. The stress placed on the tooth with the crown as well as the patient's oral hygiene can also have a big impact on how long a crown will last. This is the case with veneers as well.
Proper care is essential to ensure that your crowns are long-lasting. This includes brushing your teeth regularly and also cleaning between them. The place where the edge of the crown meets the gums can be especially sensitive and needs to be taken care of accordingly.
A healthy balanced diet not only keeps our natural teeth in top shape but also helps maintain the material of artificial teeth. A big advantage of crowns and veneers made from ceramic is that the material doesn't become discoloured, even if the patient drinks coffee or smokes.
The cost of tooth crowns varies depending on the producer and dentist's office. Usually crowns tend to be a rather expensive dental treatment due to material costs and the dental work involved. Since crowns are usually used to correct tooth damage, the costs are often covered by health insurance.
Veneers, on the other hand, are usually used for aesthetic reasons, which means that the costs are not reimbursed by most health insurers. If you're not sure whether your treatment will be covered, it is best to contact your health insurance company directly.
At bestsmile, crowns cost the same as Veneers and you can pay in convenient monthly instalments.
The price includes a 10-year guarantee as well as dental assistance from the first appointment to the final check-up.
The biggest downside of dental crowns is the need to slice your natural teeth. Depending on the material used for the crown, a significant portion of the natural tooth will have to be removed. This is often the case when the natural tooth is already heavily damaged. In some cases, this damages the nerve and leads to hypersensitivity of the teeth. At bestsmile, we always retain as much of the natural tooth enamel as possible.
You should discuss with your dentist whether a dental crown or a thinner ceramic shell is right for you. They will choose veneers or crowns depending on the kind of tooth correction you need.
Both treatments can be combined for an extremely natural appearance, a high level of functionality and a beautiful smile.
Schedule your free appointment now and let the bestsmile team help you find the right solution.
*Source: Cochrane Library